Since its inception in 1958, it has been made clear by the Space Act that the National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) must go beyond studying only spacecraft. The law stipulated that their research and findings should benefit the general public.
Today, you get in touch every day with products you probably did not know that were the result of NASA research and development.
Check out the coolest NASA discoveries that have changed your life. These are things that were initially developed linked to space exploration.
1. Long Distance Communications
Used for everything, like espionage, research and development. With about 200 NASA satellites orbiting Earth every day, this technology made it possible to stay in touch with people on the other side of the globe instantly.
2. Solar Energy
NASA has formed a 28-member union called the “Environmental Research Aircraft and Sensor Technology”. His goal was to build an unmanned, remotely piloted aircraft made to fly at high altitudes. The technology used should be solar energy, not to increase the weight of the aircraft with conventional engines and fuels. Due to this invention, millions of homes are now equipped with solar panels, used to cut traditional energy costs and reduce pollution.
3. Prostheses – Artificial Limbs
Artificial limbs have emerged as the result of the advancement of NASA’s artificial muscle systems for use in space robots and extra-vehicular activities.
4. Ventricular Assist Devices
NASA, in collaboration with Dr. Michael DeBakey, Dr. George Noon and Technology of MicroMed, invented a heart pump for patients waiting for a heart transplant. A heart donor is very difficult to achieve; while the patient is on the waiting list, ventricular assist pumps the blood until a heart donor is available.
5. Invisible Orthodontic Apparatus
Children with orthodontic appliances often suffer bullying, and are called geeks and nerds. That’s why this NASA discovery is so helpful to those who do not want to go through the ordeal of having a mouthful of visible metals. The material used on invisible polycrystalline alumina translucent devices was created by NASA in collaboration with a company called Ceradyne to protect antennas from infrared heat-seeking missile trackers.
6. Risks Resistant to Risks
NASA needed a special coating to protect the dirt space equipment found in the space environment so they came with their special plastic coating. Now we are enjoying sunglasses that are scratch resistant. What is better, plastic is cheaper than glass and is better at absorbing ultraviolet radiation.
7. Memory Foam
The polyurethane-silicon open cell plastic was made for NASA aircraft seats to reduce impact during landing. Since being reassembled for home use, memory foam has helped millions of people sleep better.
8. Infrared Ear Thermometer
NASA uses infrared technology to measure the temperature of stars. With this technology, we now have the ear thermometer that captures body temperature using infrared sensors that detect the amount of energy emitted by the eardrum. We have been saved from the hassle of a standard mercury thermometer.
When the man landed on the moon, NASA invented a three-dimensional polyurethane foam fabric. Now we have shoes that reduce the impact on our legs and feet when we walk or run.
10. Smoke Detector
NASA invented the first adjustable smoke detector to allow astronauts to know whether there was fire or harmful gases when they climbed into Skylab, the first US space station. Now, we have this fire safety item in our homes, thanks to this technology.
11. Wireless Tools
When the man was about to land on the moon, NASA developed the equipment needed for astronauts to get rock and soil samples. The necessary tool should be light and powerful enough to pierce the surface of the moon. NASA, along with Black and Decke , found that connecting a cable to a drill would be difficult for astronauts, so they invented a drill with a motor that runs the drums. Now, wireless tools are common because of this invention.
12. Water Filter
The astronauts needed something to keep the water clean. NASA invented a charcoal filter that contains ions to neutralize pathogens in water. Now we have the water filter.
13. Enriched Baby Food
NASA has discovered a microalgae used as a recycling agent for extended space travel. The substance formulated in ARA and DHA with microalgae, is now used as a nutritional ingredient found in commercial infant formulas.
NASA has done extensive research on spacefood in preparation for the Apollo missions and along with Nestle has come up with freeze drying – a process that involves dehydrating food to make it more convenient for transportation. The food is frozen and the pressure from the outside medium is reduced to allow the frozen water in food sublime directly from the solid phase to the gas phase.
15. Dust Lubricant
PS300, a solid lubricant coating was developed by NASA. PS300, with its ability to reduce friction and emissions, has been widely used in industrial applications such as refrigeration compressors, turbochargers, and hybrid electric turbogenerators.
16. Structural Analysis Software
NASA software engineers have designed thousands of computer programs since its inception. The NASA Structural Analysis Program is one of the most widely used programs. Used to design Cadillacs, coasters, and more.
17. Radial Tire Improvements
NASA, along with Goodyear and Rubber Company, has developed a fibrous material – five times more durable than steel. It was used to cover the parachute for the landing of the Viking Lander spacecraft on Mars. Goodyear then used the discovery to produce a radial tire with 15,000 km of life expectancy.
18. LED – Light Emitting Diodes
LEDs (light emitting diodes) have been developed for NASA’s space shuttles. The LED operates when an electric current is applied in the “forward” direction of a device and a light is emitted by a semiconductor diode. LEDs are making great strides in the area of energy efficiency and will soon play a vital role in general lighting.
19. Detection of Chemical Substances
Intelligent Optical Systems were used by NASA to build pH-sensitive moisture sensors to detect corrosive conditions in the aircraft and prevent damage. When the sensor comes in contact with the chemical reactions, it changes color. The United States Department of Defense is now using these sensors to detect chemical warfare agents and possible threats.
20. LZR Racer Suite
The LZR Racer Suit is a high-tech swimsuit made of fabric composed of an elastane-nylon fabric and polyurethane. The project was backed by facilities, and tested in a wind tunnel with NASA’s Ansys fluid flow analysis software.
21. Fire Fighting Equipment
NASA and the National Bureau of Fire Standards have built a light breathing mask, frame, harness and air bottle system using an aluminum composite material developed by NASA for use in rocket shells. The respiratory system is now widely used to protect it from injuries caused by inhalation of heat and smoke. In addition, the electronic inductorless circuit technology developed by NASA is now used by firefighters as two-way short-range radios.